Jharkhand became a state by separating from Bihar in 2000.Though it is mineral rich state, more than 70% of population depend on agriculture. The main crop is paddy grown by almost all the farmers mainly in kharif season. The farmers use to get poor yield with very less profit.
The horticultural crops like fruits, vegetables, spices etc are also grown by the farmers and some vegetables like cole crops, French bean, tomato are grown throughout the year. Farmer’s indiscriminate use of insecticide & fungicide in these crops make it unusable for food & create many diseases.